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The Mexican Revolution

La Ciudadela: Site of the heaviest fighting during the Ten Tragic Days of 1913. Photo: TJ DeGroat Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) license

For a timeline specific to the Revolution in Mexico City and around the country, see here.

1910
The Mexican Revolution begins in earnest with the election of Francisco A. Madero in a disputed 1910 election.

1913
From February 9 to 19, Mexico’s Ten Tragic Days begin with Huerta’s bombardment of the city, and ends with former President Francisco I. Madero, and his Vice President, José María Pino Suárez, assassinated outside of the Lecumberri Palace Prison

1913
A trolley line connects Azcapotzalco with Mexico City along the ancient Mexico-Tacuba causeway.

1914
On 15 July, (seemingly moments before WWI erupts in Europe), Huerta bows to pressure, resigns the presidency and flees the country. Victorious “Pancho” Villa forces, accompanied by revolutionary forces under Venustiano Carranza and Alvaro Obregon re-enter the City.

1914
On December 6, 1914, the forces of Emiliano Zapata enter Mexico City, following the famous December 4 meeting with “Pancho” Villa in Xochimilco. Villa’s “Division del Norte,” having arrived the previous July, was a heavily armed, near-professional military force. Nothing like the ragtag “Zapatistas” had ever been seen, at least not in organized numbers in Mexico City. The two armies remained in the city through the winter.

1917
The Constitutional Congress approved a new constitution on 5 February 1917. It was the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and served as a model for both the Russian Constitution of 1918 and the German Weimar Constitution of 1919.

1920
Álvaro Obregón becomes president. Redistribution of lands to peasants begins in fulfillment of promises made during the revolution.

The Porfiriato  |  The 20th Century