Iztapalapa

Iztapalapa is named for the ancient city which once occupied the same region. The name originally meant “earthenware in the water.” The city was founded by the Culhua people between the north slope of the Cerro de la Estrella and the shore of Lake Texcoco.

In 1953, the bones of three people, two men and one women were found in the present day village of Santa María Aztahuacán. The Aztahuacán remains are said to be some 9,400 years old, and most of the present day alcaldia is thought to have been inhabited since at least that time.

A town related to the Teotihuacan culture was established to the north of Cerro de la Estrella. Today called Culhuacán, it very likely received some good part of the diaspora which began with the decline of Teotihuacan.

Culhuacán played a very prominent role in the development of the Toltec culture and its ruling house gave Mexico-Tenochtitlan its first Tlatoani. In fact many wives from Culhuacán were meant to shore up otherwise nouveau Mexica noble lines.

With the fall of the Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the old Iztapalapa was nearly entirely destroyed. It remained primarily a farming community, and part of the State of Mexico, until being folded into the Federal District in 1824.

Iztapalapa has continued to receive waves of migrants from other parts of the country over the past 50 years. Today it's a cultural powerhouse, and loaded with history, music, and people.

Pueblo Los Reyes Culhuacán

More info

Mercado Aculco

More info

Mercado Sifón, Atlazolpa

More info

Pueblo de Aculco, Iztapalapa

More info

San Andrés Tetepilco

More info

Magdalena Atlazolpa

More info

Canal Nacional

More info

Cerro de la Estrella National Park

More info

Cerro de la Estrella Archaeological Zone

More info

Electric Transport Museum

More info

Museo del Fuego Nuevo

More info

Parque Cuitláhuac / Santa Cruz Meyehualco

More info

Pueblo Culhuacán and San Juan Evangelista Monastery

More info

Hacienda de San Nicolás Tolentino, San Lorenzo Tezonco Cemetery

More info

Mercado de Culhuacán No. 186

More info

San Andrés Apóstol in San Andrés Tomatlán

More info

San Andrés Tomatlán

More info

Mexicaltzingo and the San Marcos Temple

More info

Parque Las Antenas

More info

San Lorenzo Tezonco Church and Town

More info

Mercado San Lorenzo Tezonco

More info

Metro Portales

More info

Metro Mexicaltzingo

More info

Museo de las Culturas: Pasión por Iztapalapa

More info