The Centro de Tlalpan is the former city or Villa of Tlalpan. Centered around the old church and monastery of San Agustín de las Cuevas, (see below) today it's one of the oldest towns in Mexico City, and a charming historical neighborhood.
Founded by the Nahuatl-speaking Xochimilca people, they are thought to have cooperated here with Tepaneca people whose conflict might be better understood as being more exclusively with the Mexica. Both were eventually conquered here by Tenochtitlan and so allying with the Spanish against Tenochtitlan got the town some later rewards during the colonial period.
The town of San Agustín de las Cuevas was granted its own territory, and was independent of Xochimilco by the mid-16th century. In the independence period it was briefly the capital of the State of Mexico when that state entirely surrounded Mexico City. After the USA invasion, the Federal District annexed much more territory to the south. Tlalpan was renamed, and its seat of government was here as it is today.Today the Centro de Tlalpan is the most colonial-feeling part of the alcaldía. It's also one of the most concentrated areas of historic and cultural attractions. The listings below are intended to make it easier to explore the area around the cobblestoned streets and to get more out of your visit.
The former seat of Tlalpan government is today a marvelous example of Porfirian architecture.
A park with a long history in tune with San Agustín de las Cueva's reputation as a refuge…
Casa Chata is today the headquarters of a major public research house and publisher in Tlalpan.
In the Tlalpan Centro, a recently renovated museum makes sense of the region's complex past.
A remarkable temple was once the center of Colonial Tlalpan.
A curious and still-working relic from Tlalpan's brief stint as the Capital of EdoMex...
Still standing tall, a monument pays tribute to the workers who've kept Mexico's highways going.
One of the Mexico's most important historical archives is in the Centro de Tlalpan!
Among the oldest of the traditionally popular towns on the slopes of the Xitla volcano.
A surprisingly posh corner of Tlalpan is actually one of the original villages.
Santa Úrsula's original little chapel, though rebuilt, this one's been here since 1531.
A more exquisite 18th-Century Baroque may be difficult to find, even amongst the City's wealth of examples.
Mercado La Paz is one of the oldest continually operating public market places in the city, great place…
Tlalpan's Centro Histórico would just not be the same, without the sometimes whimsical Museum of Time.