Below are many of the Mexico City sites directly relevant to the Mexican Revolutionary Period between 1910 and 1920.
While we can't summarize such an extraordinary series of events in any detail, we can try to provide a way to visit some of these places while familiarizing visitors with the basic timeline of events.
The Mexican Revolution is preceded by a thirty-year period called the Porfiriato. Porfirio Díaz ruled, single-handedly from 1876 until 1911.
In March of 1911, Emiliano Zapata led an uprising of villagers south of Mexico City. Calling for land and water rights, he inspired armed revolts in many other parts of Mexico.
By May of 1911, Porfirio Díaz is finally forced into exile and leaves the country. In October, Francisco Madero is elected President of Mexico, but the election is heavily contested.
Francisco Madero Administration, 1911 - February 1913
Although Madero was elected, his brief rule was not successfully executed and many insurgents were dissatisfied. The newly freed press quickly turned on Madero, too.
Most historians agree that Madero simply failed to sufficiently reward those who'd fought to bring him to power.
The Ten Tragic Days and the Huerta Regime, 1913 - 1914
From February 9 to 19, 1912, Victoriano Huerta bombards the city and has the president arrested. In the end, President Francisco I. Madero, and Vice President, José María Pino Suárez, are both assassinated outside of the Lecumberri Palace Prison.
It takes until 15 July 1914 for Huerta to bow to pressure. He resigns the presidency and flees the country. Pancho Villa forces, the famous Division del Norte, with some forces under Carranza and Obregón, re-enter Mexico City.
The Zapata / Villa Interim, 1914-1916
On December 6, 1914, the forces of Emiliano Zapata enter Mexico City from the south, following a December 4 meeting with Villa in Xochimilco. But talks to support a constitution and a new system of government went nowhere until Villa was decisively beaten by the Constitutionalist Army under Carranza and Obregón in April of 1915.
Venustiano Carranza Period, 1917 - 1920
It then takes until the following October for Venustiano Carranza to be recognized internationally as provisional President of Mexico. The Constitution of 1917 is accepted in February of that year.
In April of 1919, Zapata is slain in an ambush by forces loyal to Carranza. Obregón announces his campaign for the presidency. The dispute is now over whether Carranza has any right to run for a full term after serving for several years as president. Carranza's support collapses and in May he too is murdered.
The following October, 1920 Obregón is elected President. He's sworn in on November 30, and begins enacting many of the promises made during the revolution, including to those who'd fought in the Zapatista army.
Sources cited on this page:
One of La GAM's thrivingest neighborhood markets, this one's going on 60 years of better food!
Your last stop on the Cuernavaca Railroad Bikeway is a rugged old railroad town.
El Caudillo del Sur is honored in a small collection kept in a former monastery.
Mexico's National Poet is honored in a modest home from one of Mexico most turbulent periods.
One of the city's most accessible, giant national parks, this one lives up to its vast reputation.
A library in San Ángel is dedicated to understanding Mexican society great historical transformations.
A fascinating ruin from 1622 haunts the edge of the Cemetery of San Lorenzo Tezonco...
Dating to 1200 BCE, it's been fascinating ever since: Olive groves, Zapatistas, & colorful Easter street art.
The stones from the Cerro de San Miguel made for a beautiful town in Milpa Alta.
One of the least understood of the City's major monuments, this one's often but a glimpse from the…
San Nicolás Tetelco is one of the seven pueblos originarios of Tláhuac. A tiny, and very old…
A glimpse into the lives of the Revolutionary Zapatista Army, there's a museum in Milpa Alta that's not…
Easily one of the most photographed stations in Mexico City's sublime underground.
A great way to get to the monument and the museum, but a few steps into the Tabacalera…
Commemorated in songs, and a tribute to too many things to list, Metro Balderas is for many, the…
Visit the ancient temple to Ehecatl, or head upstairs for shopping. One way or another there's a lot…
Today but a frequent transfer point and the intersection of multiple communities, some of the past is to…
Named for one of the country's leading medical centers, it's in the very heart of Del Valle.
An encounter between cultures is always set to happen before a magnificent painting in the Metro.
Jardín Pushkin is today named for the father of Russian literature. But it's long been a popular recreation…
One of the most easily historical corners in the city center, it's a monument, a garden and much…
La Ciudadela has at least as much history in its own stones as upon its many shelves, and…
The Casa de el Hijo del Ahuizote is a revolutionary cultural archive and community center in the city…
A must for understanding Mexico, even today, the museum beneath the monument makes a complex period seem easy.
As elusive in meaning as it is allusive, the Monument to the Revolution is as eminent as the…