The Chapel of San Salvador Nextengo, and the former atrium, now the Plaza Netengo are almost all that’s left of the old pueblo originario of Nextengo. One of 25 pueblos originarios, old Azcapotzalco actually counted with some 27 calpulli. That is, these were the territories under the Tepaneca leadership of Azcapotzalco manor.
The name comes from the Nahuatl root words “nextli” meaning ashen or gray. This is combined with “tentli,” meaning edge, or shore. “Co” nearly always means place, and so we arrive at the “place on the shore of ash.” Grim though that sounds, it was likely an area used for agriculture burning.
The earliest Christians in the area re-dedicated the very old calpulli of Nextenco, to San Salvador. According to legend, a simple chapel was erected here in stone and adobe.
By the 16th century though, San Savador Nextengo boasted an all new chapel. This was fitting as Azcapotzalco was the recipient of three sculptures made in Seville and representing Jesús Nazareno. These were sent by the King of Spain. The old hermitage was then re-dedicated to the veneration of one of these statues. Modifications in the 17th century finished the façade in carved stone, brick, and trim giving it much of the appearance it still has today.
The statue was of course a stunning success. In neighborhood tales, it is said that in their enthusiasm, residents carried the statue on a litter through the streets. This was so that residents could ask for intercession, so that rain would fall, and help to cultivate the fields still surrounding the area then.
The chapel was also visited by pilgrims arriving to ask for favor. El Señor de Nextengo is today displayed on the main altar. This was built in the 19th century of carved stone with strong Neoclassical elements.
Little known today, the chapel is also near to a famous spring. This was one of multiple springs in the area all of which flowed into the ancient Lake Texcoco, then not too far away. This one was also popular with pilgrims and the devout.
The neighborhood of Nextengo we see today benefited from the Porfirato-era boom in residential construction. It’s evident on many of the quiet streets here. But this quiet chapel with it’s long history only saw a brief period as a backdrop in several films in the 1950s. Since then it’s slipped back into the quieter recesses of history.
Phone: +52 (55) 5561 2726
Price: Free admission
Av. Centenario 25, Nextengo, Azcapotzalco, 02070 CDMX