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Barrio San Pedro Tlalnahuac, Xochimilco
Photo: Idaliavma on Wikimedia Commons.


The Barrio San Pedro Tlalnahuac is one of the 17 Barrios Originarios that make up the Center of Xochimilco. It’s probably most famous today for hosting the final stop on the light-rail that brings so many visitors to the area. Before rushing off to the rest of the Center, San Pedro is itself home to one of the oldest chapels in the area. (See more below.)

But San Pedro is also famous for having been an even older port of entry to Xochimilco itself. Ancient Tlalnahuac, (Náhuatl meaning “next to the land”), had centers for rest, food, and dozens of ancient markets. It was known for hundreds of years as a primary commercial and trading area. The arriving Spanish are said to have remarked upon the beauty and perfect maintenance of the canals which originated here. The first neighborhood founded in colonial era Xochimilco, has also the first chapel.

Pedro Ramírez del Castillo

  • The main drag in the neighborhood is a street named for Pedro Ramírez del Castillo. He arrived in New Spain, and to Xochimilco, in 1663. He attended the Royal University and practiced as a priest in Pachuca. An excellent speaker, he was soon moved to the Church of San Miguel Arcángel in the City Center. He was later recognized for his work protecting the indigenous peoples of both New Spain and forcefully imported, enslaved, people from Asia. He was rewarded with an appointment as a Judge overseeing indigenous peoples’ affairs. He went on to organize the first library in New Spain and later became rector of the Metropolitan Cathedral.

The Chapel of San Pedro Tlalnahuac was founded between 1530 and 1533. Construction carried on for nearly 200 years and concluded only in 1716. A single nave is next to a tower with two bells. Inside is an 18th-century sculpture of San Pedro Apóstol. There are also figures of Jesus Christ and Our Lady of Candelaria. All of them are believed to have been brought here from the town of San Salvador.

Like all of the ancient neighborhoods of Xochimilco, El Barrio San Pedro is small enough to be walked in a few minutes. Every corner turns onto one more colorful, crooked, charming, and friendly passageway than the last.

Nearest Venues

How to get here
Esq. Calle Cuitlahuac, Calle Pedro Ramírez del Castillo 12, San Pedro, Xochimilco, 16090 CDMX


Xochimilco Light Rail Station

Nearest at 0.21 kms.

Historic Sites/Bldgs

Barrio del Rosario Nepantlatlaca, Xochimilco

Nearest at 0.46 kms.

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Barrio Belem de Acampa

Nearest at 0.47 kms.

Historic Sites/Bldgs

Barrio Xaltocan, Xochimilco

Nearest at 0.51 kms.

Arts & Culture

Casa del Arte Xochimilco

Nearest at 0.56 kms.

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