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Parque Bicentenario & The Orchid Farm

This and all photos below by Martin Elias, courtesy of the SecretarÍa de Cultura de la Ciudad de México / Mexico City Secretary of Culture

A Stunning Tribute to 200 Years

Opened in 2010, Parque Bicentenario is, most famously, home to a massive Orchid Farm. The park was open to commemorate the 100 years since the beginning of the Mexican Revolution and 200 years since the Mexican War of Independence.

But more than anything else, today visitors come to admire nearly 1,300 species of orchids. Some 40% of them are native to Mexico and they make any trip to Parque Bicentenario into a fascinating and even inspiring experience.

The park actually houses multiple gardens organized into a scheme alluding to Mexica cosmogony and divided into ecosystems to hold even more varieties of plants, trees, and flowers.

The orchid garden is home to more than 7,000 orchid plants, and specializes in their cultivation, preservation, and display.  of orchid plants from the botanical family of the Orchidaceae. These plants, in addition to being beautiful, require very specific conditions of temperature and humidity, which is why they are grown in greenhouses where they have these controlled parameters.

Orchids comprise about 25,000 and some sources report 30,000 species, and if hybrids are counted up to 60,000 varieties produced by horticulturists can be counted. These plants are spread throughout the world, but are abundant in tropical regions. Due to their floral complexity, their interactions with pollinating agents and their symbiosis with fungi to form mycorrhizae, they are considered the culmination of floral evolution.

Where: Av. 5 de Mayo # 290, San Lorenzo Tlaltenango, Miguel Hidalgo Delegation.

When: Tuesday to Sunday from 07:00 to 18:00

 

 

The proposal for the development of this green area has its origins in 1991 when the Azcapotzalco Refinery of Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) was closed due to the serious problems of contamination that it generated both in its surroundings and for the whole of the Metropolitan Zone of the Valle de Mexico. After more than ten years of abandonment, the land of the old refinery was ceded by Pemex to the Federal Government in 2007, the year in which the environmental remediation work began on the property that was in charge of the state-owned company, several public universities in Mexico. as well as international advisers. Once the existing pollutants in the property were reduced, the landscape architecture work began, which was carried out by a multidisciplinary group headed by Mario Schjetnan, also the author of other green areas such as the Tezozomoc Park or the Xochimilco Ecological Park.

 

Phone: (55) 5628 0600

Web: http://www.parquebicentenario.gob.mx/

Email: parque.bicentenario3@semarnat.gob.mx

Address:

5 de Mayo #290, Col. Refinería 18 de Marzo.