San Pedro Atocpan is located southeast of the Federal District, in the Mayor’s Office of Milpa Alta at the height of Km. 17.5 of the Xochimilco – Oaxtepec Highway, 2400 meters above sea level.
Founded between the years 120 and 140 AD, descendants of one of the seven Nahuatlacan tribes that inhabited the banks of what was the lake of Tenochtitlan and that was called Malacateticpac Momoxco, heirs also of ancestral traditions and customs, this town lived in its moment the miscegenation and syncretism with the Spanish culture, a fact that originated a world of new customs and new traditions among which Mexican cuisine stands out.
Atocpan is a place to discover world traditions in its Folklore Festival
Atocpan means “on fertile land”. Its population was subject to the vast lordship of Xochimilco in pre-Hispanic times. At the beginning of the viceroyalty, he was entrusted with tasks such as supplying the grass, tilling the fields of the king of Spain to pay the corn tax, rendering domestic service in the houses of Spaniards and collaborating with labor for the construction of Mexico City.
It is known that many indigenous people from Xochimilco, Tulyehualco, Milpa Alta and San Pedro Atocpan were sent in 1712 to pave the streets in the capital of New Spain.
The Franciscans were in charge of carrying out the evangelization of this area, which is reflected in the construction of its temple and convent around 1680, whose large atrium gives the idea of the large population gathered to celebrate religious acts and festivities. Theatrical performances were performed right there for the purpose of teaching the gospel.
Politically speaking, San Pedro became a municipality in the middle of the 19th century, in 1864, a situation that remained during the Porfiriato.
Despite being in the Milpa Alta region, the scene of several battles between the Porfirista, Maderista, Huertista and Carrancista forces against Emiliano Zapata’s troops during the Revolution, the population of Atocpan did not witness any in its territory.
In the twenties of the last century, San Pedro showed an image made up of a small hamlet built with adobe, stone, grass and tile roof.
There was no piped water or electric light, so its inhabitants were still lit with candles. Village women washed their clothes elsewhere, and lard and firewood were used daily in their small kitchens.
Atocpan began to improve when one of their families started the mole business at home during the sixties, thus emerging an industry to which ninety percent of its population is dedicated, and whose main market is Mexico City. , to which a decade to eight to ten tons a day were distributed.
The Franciscans evangelized the Milpa Alta, built a convent in the 16th century and thus the town was renamed San Pedro. The indigenous local population gathered in the large cobbled courtyard to be evangelized. It is noted for its monumental arches and pink stone finishes. Construction began in 1570 and it was declared a historical monument in 1933.
It is now part of the Milpa Alta tourist route because of its architectural beauty.
Phone: +52 (55) 5844 2290
Quetzalcóatl 3, Pueblo San Pedro Atocpan.